What is Landscaping


Landscaping is a term that refers to the design and maintenance of outdoor spaces, such as gardens.

The word landscaping derives from the French “jardinage,” which means gardening. It can also refer to a professional who specializes in this field, or someone who has an interest in it. Landscape designers often work with architects and civil engineers when designing public areas like parks and plazas. In addition, they may collaborate with gardeners who maintain these areas once construction is complete. Some landscape designers are self-employed; others work for contractors or governmental agencies that deal specifically with land development projects. Most landscape designs include some form of water feature – be it a fountain, pool or river – because water adds life and movement to the design.

Cultural landscape

The term Cultural Landscape refers to a space that has been either intentionally or unintentionally shaped by people over time, and is therefore inseparable from its history. Landscape architecture in this case refers to shaping or altering the experience of an existing place or natural site by manipulating vegetation and/or adding man-made features.

Garden design

Garden Design is the art and process of designing and creating plans for layout and planting of gardens and landscapes. Garden designers tend to be involved in the entire process from planning and planting to the finishing touches, whereas gardeners mainly focus on maintenance.

There are many different styles of garden design with endless possibilities of plant combinations, colors & textures which all come together to create different moods within a garden space. All this work needs to be undertaken by experts who have an understanding about what plants will look good together.. Aesthetic principles govern plans for both exterior landscaping design projects as well as more intimate interior spaces such as private gardens or public spaces like parks & roadways. Areas where plants and landscapes are dominant, such as parks and gardens, landscape design is a crucial part of the planning process. A garden designer may work on a whole garden or focus on one aspect such as the layout of paths and walkways, placement of furniture or selection of plants & shrubs.

The term landscape architecture is used by professional designers in both the private sector and also in public practice (government agencies), to cover the entire process from research through planning and design to construction administration. It includes landscape contracting, which is the larger part of project management for large scale projects .


A gardener is anyone who cultivates plants. However, these days it usually refers to someone who specializes in growing flowers or vegetables in their home or professional garden, or someone who works on a large scale in an institution such as a public garden or park.

Garden design is usually done with some consideration for plant selection and placement so that the completed project will look attractive and be relatively low-maintenance. In this case, a gardener can work closely with a landscape designer to achieve their vision of what the garden should look like. A position as a gardener can also involve working outdoors doing manual labor such as planting, weeding, transplanting, pruning and mowing lawns. Some people go into gardening because they enjoy its solitude and relaxation benefits .

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